Thursday, April 26, 2007

Annotation #5 **

Article: Guilt-Free Beauty

In 2001 cosmetic industries were not required to test their makeup before it went to the shelf, but they were urged to do so to protect the safety of humans. Rats and mice are a majority (85-90%) of the animals used to test make up on. Rabbits, Guinea pigs and hamsters come in second, and then dogs, cats and non human primates are 1% of the tested animals. 73% of the testing done on animals are done for consumer testing.
Although animal testing has been reduced almost 90% since 1980, there is still alot more that can be reduced. Companies mainly do not switch to other testing methods because its cheaper on animals, and the lack of confidence in testing other ways.
Replacement, Reduction, and Refinement.
Other testing options:
Caenorhabditis elegans- reliable in testing toxicity. Cultured human skin- actual human skin grown to test toxicity. Eyetex- eliminates Draize eye test by using in vitro (test tube). Skintex- In Vitro that measures human skin irritancy. Corrositex-measured skin corrosion and eliminates animal testing all together, synthetic skin model.

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